Sultan of Sokoto, Sheikh Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar Biography

Sultan of Sokoto, Sheikh Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar, is a traditional monarch in Nigeria. He’s regarded as one of the most influential monarchs in Nigeria. He is the Islamic spiritual leader (Ameer) of all the Muslim Ummah in Nigeria. Additionally, he’s a first-class king in Sokoto state and the entire Fulani dynasty as a whole. With these titles and influence, the sultan is a strong pillar in any decision-making in Nigeria, especially when his opinion matters.


– Name: Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar CFR

– Date of birth: August 24, 1956

– Current age: 65 ( date of birth is enough

– Place of birth: Sokoto, Northern Region,

– Title: Amir al-Mu’minin, Sultan of Sokoto

– Reign Time: November 2 2006 – present

– Predecessor: Muhammadu Maccido

– Career: Military, Nigeria army 1977–2006 

– Rank: Brigadier General

– Religion: Sunni, Islam

Personal Life of Sheikh Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar

Sheikh Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar was born in 1956 on August 17 in the ancient city of Sokoto, Northern Nigeria. Abubakar was born into the sultanate kingdom as the youngest son of the 17th Sultan of Sokoto, sir Siddiq Abubakar III. His father Siddiq Abubakar III was one of the longest-serving sultan of Sokoto (he served for over 50 years). 

Education of Sheikh Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar

Sheikh is not only a sultan by title. He’s well equipped with Islamic knowledge and western education. He attended his primary school at the sultanate ward and then attended the Barewa College in Zaria. 

After completing his secondary school in Barewa College in Zaria. In 1975, he proceeded to the Nigeria Defense Academy NDA, where he was part of the 18th Regular Course.

Military Career of Sheikh Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar

Abubakar is a military officer. He was commissioned Into the Nigeria Army as a Second Lieutenant in 1977 after his return from training at the Nigeria Defense Academy, NDA. He served in the elite Armoured Corps. During his service, he was the head of the Armored Corps security unit that guided the then military head of state, Gen General Ibrahim Badmasi Babangida.

As a member of the Organisation of African Unity’s force, Abubakar led a battalion of African peacekeepers in Chad before he held the post of a military liaison under the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in the mid 1990s.

In 1993 he was appointed commanding officer 241 Recce Battalion, Kaduna. It was after that he was appointed as ECOWAS military liaison officer and commanding officer. 

From 1999 to 2000, he served as the 231 Tank Battalion (ECOMOG Operations) in Sierra Leone. Then in 2003, he was appointed as the Defence Attaché to Pakistan, also accredited for Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Afghanistan till 2006. Abubakar later resigned from the Nigeria army as a Brigadier-General.

His Coronation as the sultan of Sokoto 

After the former sultan Muhammad Maccido was pronounced dead during the ADC Airlines Flight crash, Abubakar ascended the throne as the 21st sultan of Sokoto on November 2, 2006.

Titles and honours of Sheikh Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar

He’s the spiritual leader of the Qadiriyya Sufi order, the most prominent and most influential position in the Nigerian Islamic community. 

He is also the president of the popular Jama’atu Nasril Islam (Society for the Support of Islam) and the overall president of the Nigerian Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA).

As part of his contribution to the global world and his principles of leadership, Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar IV was listed among the 10 recipients of the maiden edition of the Global Seal of Integrity (GSOI) in 2015, under the Global Youth Coalition for Integrity authored and awarded by two young Nigerian icons, Emmanuel Josh Omeiza and Godspower Oshodin. 

On August 22, 2019, he was appointed along with other scholars as Co-Moderator of the Council of Religion for Peace (CRP), a position he’s still holding to date.


What more do you know about the currently serving Sultan Muhammadu Sa’ad Abubakar? If there’s any question, you need us to answer, please drop it in the comment section below.

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